Diabetes - A major risk factor for formation of Kidney Stones

Kidney Stone Treatment Camp (11th to 24th Feb. 2017)

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Diabetes or Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic disease, wherein a body cannot produce enough amount of insulin or use enough amount of it. Sugar in the blood is regulated by a hormone called Insulin. Diabetes can be classified into type 1 and type 2; type 1 diabetes is also called as insulin-dependent diabetes, type 2 is insulin-independent diabetes wherein the pancreas creates insulin but the body is not able to utilise it properly.

The onset of diabetes destroys small blood vessels in the Kidneys, this makes the kidneys malfunction, and blood in the body is not cleaned. Waste materials may also start building up in the blood, as diabetes can damage the nerves in the body, it can cause serious bladder retention problems that can back up urine and damage the kidneys causing infection and growth of bacteria in the urine.

A kidney stone is nothing but a concrete mass of small crystals situated in the kidney, ureter, bladder or urethra. A kidney stone(s) or renal calculi is formed when many crystals are formed due to substances in the urine. The development of stones can take weeks to months. For a diabetic individual, uric acid kidney stones are formed due to high levels of insulin in the blood. Individuals with type 2 diabetes have highly acidic urine, this is due to the transport of certain salts in the Kidneys.

Kidney stones due to type 2 diabetes is associated with a diet that is rich in animal protein that causes uric acid stones with insulin resistance as well as obesity.

The phenomenon of obesity plays a crucial role that causes metabolic imbalances, which also leads to the formation of calcium formed kidney stones. Hyperinsulinemia contributes to the formation of calcium based stones with uric acid and oxalate called calcium oxalate stones. A high fruit and vegetable intake can increase urinary citrate and inhibit the formation calcium based stones.

If a stone is developed then individuals need to control their diet and drink plenty of water or fluid to produce 2 quarts of urine in a day. Medications need to be prescribed to prevent the formation of calcium and uric acid stones.

At Care Well Kidney Stone Centre we deliver the best treatment for kidney stone treatment using shock waves in the form of shockwave lithotripsy, key hole surgery, and Ureteroscopy. Get in touch with our medical centre and we would surely provide the right Kidney Stone Treatment for you.

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